Marine Toad, Sapo Lechero, Sapo Gigante
Bufo marinus (Linnaeus, 1776)

Range: Southern Texas, through Mexico and southward to Central and South America (Peru and Brazil).  This species has been widely introduced into Australia, Hawaii, Antilles, Fiji, Philippines, Taiwan, Ryuku Island, New Guinea, and several Pacific islands.
Habitat: This species is widespread and common throughout Gracias a Dios.  The marine toad is found at night alongside creeks, rivers, and ponds.  They are frequently found within close proximity to human habitation and are occasionally found hiding during the day beneath pieces of sheet metal, boards, or within burrows.
Identifying Characteristics: Specimens from southern Gracias a Dios may reach up to 170 mm in SVL.  This is the largest toad in Honduras and no other species even comes close to the maximum size which this species can attain.  Cranial crest are prominent, including the canthal, supraorbital, postocular, and the supratympanic crest.  The parietal crest is absent.  The paratoid glands are huge and extend from behind the eye to the point of insertion of the arms on either side of the body.
Reproduction: This species may reproduce year round.  However, most reproductive behavior peaks during the rainy season and females can lay as many as 5,000 to 25,000 eggs in a single clutch.
Additional Comments: Secretions from the granular glands and paratoid glands of this species are extremely toxic.  the large paratoid glands store copious amounts of a sticky, thick, and bitter tasting substance which can be potentially fatal if ingested.  The tadpoles of this species are also highly toxic as is the jelly coating surrounding the egg masses.
Similar species: No other toad in Honduras can be confused with this species.


Marine Toad, Sapo Lechero, Sapo Gigante
Bufo marinus (Linnaeus, 1776)

Range: Southern Texas, through Mexico and southward to Central and South America (Peru and Brazil).  This species has been widely introduced into Australia, Hawaii, Antilles, Fiji, Philippines, Taiwan, Ryuku Island, New Guinea, and several Pacific islands.
Habitat: This species is widespread and common throughout Gracias a Dios.  The marine toad is frequently encountered at night alongside creeks, rivers, and ponds or near any source of moisture.  They are frequently found within close proximity to human habitation and are occasionally found hiding during the day beneath pieces of sheet metal, boards, or within burrows.
Identifying Characteristics: Specimens from southern Gracias a Dios may reach up to 170 mm in SVL.  This is the largest toad in Honduras and no other species even comes close to the maximum size which this species can attain.  Cranial crest are prominent, including the canthal, supraorbital, postocular, and the supratympanic crest.  The parietal crest is absent.  The paratoid glands are huge and extend from behind the eye to the point of insertion of the arms on either side of the body.
Reproduction: This species may reproduce year round.  However, most reproductive behavior peaks during the rainy season and females can lay as many as 5,000 to 25,000 eggs in a single clutch.
Additional Comments: Secretions from the granular glands and paratoid glands of this species are extremely toxic.  the large paratoid glands store copious amounts of a sticky, thick, and bitter tasting substance which can be potentially fatal if ingested.  The tadpoles of this species are also highly toxic as is the jelly coating surrounding the egg masses.
Similar species: No other toad in Honduras can be confused with this species.